The A-Zs of Hiring Glossary

Skills Matrix

What Is a Skills Matrix?

A skills matrix is a tool used by organizations to identify and track the skills and competencies of their employees. It is a visual representation of the skills and knowledge that an individual possesses, usually in a table format. The matrix is designed to help managers and HR professionals to identify skills gaps and training needs within their workforce, and to better plan for employee development and succession planning.

The skills matrix typically includes a list of job roles or positions within the organization, and a list of skills or competencies required for each role. Employees are then assigned a rating or score for each skill or competency, based on their level of proficiency or expertise. This allows managers to quickly assess the skills and knowledge of their workforce, and to identify areas where additional training or development may be needed.

Skills matrices can be used for a variety of purposes, including:

  • Identifying skills gaps and training needs within the organization
  • Planning for employee development and career progression
  • Identifying potential successors for key roles within the organization
  • Assessing the effectiveness of training and development programs

What is a skills matrix?

A skills matrix is a tool used by organizations to assess the skills and competencies of their employees. It is a visual representation of the skills, knowledge, and experience of individuals within a team or department.

How is a skills matrix useful?

A skills matrix can help organizations identify gaps in their workforce’s skills and knowledge, which can inform training and development plans. It can also help managers make informed decisions about task allocation and project planning, ensuring that the right people are assigned to the right tasks.

Dos and Donts for Skills Matrix


  • Ensure that all relevant skills are included in the matrix
  • Regularly review and update the matrix to reflect changes in job requirements and employee skill sets
  • Provide training and development opportunities for employees to acquire new skills and improve existing ones
  • Use the skills matrix as a tool for identifying skills gaps and addressing them through targeted training and recruitment
  • Ensure that the skills matrix is accessible and easy to understand for all employees


  • Don’t create a skills matrix that is too complex or difficult to navigate
  • Don’t rely solely on the skills matrix for making hiring or promotion decisions
  • Don’t ignore the feedback and input of employees when creating or updating the skills matrix
  • Don’t assume that the skills matrix is a one-size-fits-all solution for all departments or job roles
  • Don’t forget to communicate the purpose and importance of the skills matrix to all employees
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