The A-Zs of Hiring Glossary

Labor Law

What Is Labor Law?

Labor law, also known as employment law, is a set of laws that governs the rights and obligations of employers and employees in the workplace. These laws cover a wide range of topics related to employment, such as wages, working hours, discrimination, harassment, safety, and benefits. The purpose of labor law is to ensure that both employers and employees are treated fairly and that the workplace is safe and productive.

In the context of labor law, employers are responsible for providing a safe and healthy work environment, paying employees the minimum wage or higher, providing benefits such as health insurance and retirement plans, and complying with anti-discrimination and anti-harassment laws. Employees, on the other hand, are responsible for performing their job duties to the best of their abilities, following workplace rules and policies, and reporting any safety hazards or violations of labor law to their employer or the appropriate government agency.

Examples of labor law in action include cases where an employer is found to have violated minimum wage laws, cases where an employee has been discriminated against or harassed in the workplace, or cases where an employer has failed to provide a safe work environment resulting in injury or illness to an employee.

Why is labor law important?

Labor law is important because it sets the standards for workplace rights and protections for employees. It helps ensure fair treatment and compensation, safe working conditions, and the right to form unions and collectively bargain.

What are some common labor law violations?

Common labor law violations include failure to pay minimum wage or overtime, misclassification of employees as independent contractors, discrimination or harassment in the workplace, and retaliation against employees who assert their rights.

Dos And Donts of Labor Law


  • Ensure that your company complies with all labor laws and regulations relevant to your industry and location.
  • Provide clear and concise job descriptions and employment contracts to all employees.
  • Maintain accurate records of employee hours worked, wages paid, and any deductions made.
  • Provide a safe and healthy work environment for all employees.
  • Train managers and supervisors on labor laws and regulations to ensure compliance and avoid potential legal issues.


  • Do not discriminate against employees based on their race, gender, religion, age, or any other protected characteristic.
  • Do not retaliate against employees who report violations of labor laws or regulations.
  • Do not misclassify employees as independent contractors to avoid paying taxes or providing benefits.
  • Do not violate minimum wage and hour laws by requiring employees to work off the clock or denying them overtime pay.
  • Do not tolerate or ignore any form of harassment or discrimination in the workplace.
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